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Irohla -Publication of policy briefs for governments and organisations

IROHLA is a project that focused on improving health literacy for older people in Europe. It took stock of on-going health literacy programmes and projects and identified and validated a set of 20 interventions, which together constitute a comprehensive approach for addressing the health literacy needs of the ageing population in Europe. These interventions are part of an evidence-based guideline for policy and practice for local, regional and national government authorities to start action.

Some policy briefs have been produced and are available here

  • IROHLA policy brief for governments : The policy brief for governments is for national level policy makers, explaining how healthcare would benefit from inclusion of health literacy in health programmes - Here
  • IROHLA policy brief for organisations: The policy brief for organisations is for practitioners and brings together evidence from health literacy research to inspire people to take action - Here
  • Brochure on the activities and experiences of partners involved in IROHLA: “Making healthy ageing a reality: A comprehensive approach to health literacy” brings together key interviews with and articles produced by partners involved in the IROHLA project - Here

 

The Lancet - Preventing cognitive decline in at-risk elderly: a randomised-controlled trial

Finish researchers conducted a two-year study on prevention of cognitive impairment. For the intervention group the study intervened with a multidomain approach, including diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring, while the control group received general health advice. The change of cognition was measured and analysed for more than 1200 participants and findings suggest that this kind of intervention could improve or maintain cognitive functioning in at-risk elderly people.

For more results, click here.

The Lancet - Exercise for depression in elderly residents of care homes: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Depression is common and is associated with poor outcomes among elderly care-home residents. Exercise is a promising low-risk intervention for depression in this population. Duirng this study the hypothesis that a moderate intensity exercise programme would reduce the burden of depressive symptoms in residents of care homes was tested.

The findings indicated that the moderately intense exercise programme tested did not reduce depressive symptoms in residents of care homes. Therefore, in this frail population, alternative strategies to manage psychological symptoms are required.

The publication is available, here.

The Lancet - Ageing in the European Union

At a time of austerity, concerns about the consequences of further population ageing for the economy and for health and welfare systems are now firmly on political agendas. Although societies need to respond to demographic realities, often concerns about the eff ect of ageing can be exaggerated, adding to the agendas of some governments to cut back welfare states.

In this Series paper, the susbstantiality of the implications of population ageing for health, long-term care, and welfare systems in the European Union (EU) as often stated is explored together with how European societies can prepare to cope with ageing populations.

U.S. Census Bureau/World HealthOrganization - Shades of Gray: A Cross-Country Study of Health and Wellbeing of the Older Populations in SAGE Countries, 2007-2010

Although considerable attention has been paid to the aging of populations around the world, the vast majority of this attention and related research has focused on higher-income countries.This report has examined the health and health care utilization of the population aged 50 and older in the six countries - China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. By virtue of the sheer size of the older population in these six countries and their share of the world's total older population, their health status is certain to have a remarkable impact on the world's overall disease burden and health care.

This report provided a summary of the health status and access to health care by older populations in six middle- and low-income countries, thereby filling crucial gaps in health information and measurement techniques in response to aging populations. These results contribute to increasing and ongoing efforts to better understand the dynamics of aging through cross-national and multidisciplinary research. As the future pace of population aging will likely exceed the rapid speed that has taken place thus far, preparations for an aging population need to advance now in these six countries, as well as in most middle- and low-income countries, to avoid the costs and penalties from waiting to respond.

Demographic Research - How do employers cope with an ageing workforce? Views from employers and employees

This article, from Demographic Research Vol. 22 (June 2010), examines how employers deal with the prospect of an ageing work force. Analysis is supplemented with a survey of Dutch employees to compare human resource policies to practices.

RAND - An International Comparison of Obesity in Older Adults Effects and Risk Factors

Written by Tatiana Andreyeva and supported by RAND, this dissertation draws on nationally representative samples of the non-institutionalised population aged 50 and above in ten European countries, to examine two issues related to obesity in older Europeans: (1) effects of excessive body weight on health, utilization of medical care, and labor force participation; (2) risk factors for obesity and environmental and societal variation across European countries.

To download the report, click here.

Eurostat - Statistics in Focus: Ageing in the European Union: Where Exactly?

This paper published by Eurostat in 2010 focuses on the regional aspects of ageing (e.g. rural vs. urban, regional contrasts in specific member states, etc.).

BRAID - ICT & Ageing Scenarios

This document aims to provide an holistic roadmap that covers all areas of a person's life. These 'Life Settings' are divided into four perspectives:

  • Independent Living
  • Health and Care in Life
  • Occupation in Life
  • Recreation in Life.

The booklet has been developed within the Bridging Research in Ageing and ICT Development (BRAID) project, that is funded by the Seventh Framework Programme.

FUTURAGE - A Road Map for European Ageing Research

Lays out a research agenda on ageing research for the European Union.

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