This service aims to assist dependent elderly people or those with disabilities by providing them with personalized technology and products which will increase their quality of life, autonomy and security in the home. It tailors the solutions to both the individual needs of the patient as well as the specific conditions of their home to provide effective, efficient and helpful benefits to these peoples’ lives.
The CVI works in three different areas in order to improve the lives of dependent elderly people or people with disabilities: direct assistance, teaching, and research.
- Direct assistance: the CVI will evaluate each person’s needs through visits to CVI, visits at the home and training visits to teach people on the technology they can get in their homes. After evaluation, the CVI will make adaptations to the patient’s house and provide products which are suited for the patient, as well as working with the caregiver if they are highly dependent. Ongoing monitoring is used to adapt the offered services if there are changes in their needs.
- Teaching: the CVI offers lectures and workshops on different aspects of their services and best practices as are relevant for the target audience, which can be: professionals, carers, relatives, or educational establishments.
- Research: the centre also conducts research on creating new products and adapting existing technologies for use in their service, so that they can provide the highest quality, proven products for their patients
Has the potential to improve the condition of the patient and increase their autonomy, relieving pressure on informal carers and the health care system. In some cases, the solutions may be cost-effective compared to having a carer perform/aid with the tasks instead performed by the ICT offered by the CVI.
The Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy of the Spanish NHS
The Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy of the Spanish NHS proposes the progressive development of interventions aimed at improving health and preventing diseases, injuries and disability. It is an initiative developed within the framework of the Plan for the Implementation of the Strategy for Addressing Chronic Disease across the Spanish National Health System (NHS). The Strategy has a life-cycle approach, with two populations prioritized: children (under 15) and individuals over the age of 50.
The Strategy seeks to facilitate a common framework for health promotion and primary prevention in the cycle of life, harmonising its integration in the portfolio of services of the National Health System and getting other sectors of society actively involved, promoting participation of individuals and population in order to raise their autonomy and capacity to have a greater control over their own health.
The Strategy outlines interventions related to prevention and health promotion. Interventions in the elderly population include:
- Comprehensive counselling about lifestyles in Primary Healthcare linked to community resources in the over-50 age group of the population;
- Frailty screening and multi-factor attention for the elderly,which will lead to plans of preventive intervention and individualised monitoring in line with the action plans by the European Innovation Partnership for Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA).
The general objectives of the Strategy include:
- promoting the population’s health and wellbeing by fostering healthy environments and lifestyles and strengthening safety in order to prevent injuries;
- increasing life expectancy in good health by two years, for those born in Spain (set out as a quantifiable global objective for 2020).
Specific objectives of the Strategy pertaining to the elderly population include:
- encouraging active and healthy aging in the population aged over 50 years old, through the comprehensive integration of healthy life-styles and safe behaviours in a coordinated manner between healthcare and family community fields.
- preventing functional impairment, promoting health and emotional wellbeing in the population aged over 70 years old, fostering the coordination of comprehensive interventions in the health care, social services and community fields.
The creation of partnerships and the development of local solutions are also central goals of the Strategy.
eZaintza is a system that provides care for people with problems of temporal and spatial orientation, and support for their carers. Its aim is to improve self-esteem, confidence, wellbeing and, at the end of the day, the autonomy of people, in addition to improving social and medical intervention in prevention and care. It can be used in a family environment, or can be a work tool for professional carers, and can even be connected with telecare services.
On the website the caregiver can define some paths and zones in order to control the user’s location. This is done using interactive maps. There are several map providers, but the one selected is OSM (OpenStreetMap), because this website contains open source maps with a large community updating the maps every day. The caregivers, who monitor the users and add the paths and zones to the system, also create events in the calendar. The user must use a smartphone in order to install the mobile application. The first approach includes the Android version of the application. This application is a lightweight programme that only sends the user’s coordinates and receives messages from the server. End users will usually be elderly people, since they tend to experience more disorientation problems. It is designed to ensure usability. When the user exits their secure path/zone or enters a dangerous zone, a similar message is shown automatically, sent by the smartphone itself. The user is asked whether they are OK. The phone automatically starts calling the caregiver and sends an alarm if the “no” button is pressed. The outcome of the project is very satisfactory as it allows elderly people and their family members to feel more secure and lead their daily lives more independently. The Project is assisted by Osatek and BetiOn, who are in charge of teleassistance in the Basque Country.
- Housing: increase the number of older people living independently
- Social participation: increase the number of older people who are socially active
- Increase in security and well-being of older people and his/her caregiver
The Junta 65 Card is a free document that is at the disposal of people over 65 years old provided by the Regional Ministry of Equality and Social Policies of the Government of Andalusia, through the Agency of Social Services and Dependency of Andalusia. It is an ITC tool, provided with chip and magnetic stripe, about the services for elderly people, with no more formalityWith this card elderly people can enjoy of services and benefits in a very quickly and easy way: discounts, grants, access to programmes, etc.
It was created in 2001 and it’s used for a period of 5 years. Its renovation is also free. With this card elderly people can enjoy of services and benefits in a very quickly and easy way: discounts, grants, access to programmes, etc. Between these services the cardholders have a discount of a 50% in the public interurban transports of general and permanent use, with origin and destination inside the Andalusia Region, that are provided by the companies that have signed an agreement with the Agency of Social Services and Dependency of Andalusia. Other services provided by the Junta 65 Card are in relation with the Tele-assistance Service in Andalusia, discounts in optical goods and hearing aids, legal advice service, dinning service, etc.
- Social participation: increase the number of older people who are socially active
- Community support and health services: increase in client-oriented and -centered made to measure health and social care and services
- Transportation: increase in transport suitable for older people
- It fosters and promotes the business sector, so it is a tool that have a very positive economical impact.
- It fosters the promotion of the personal autonomy and the prevention of the dependency.
Kineage focuses on therapeutic aspects of both cognitive and physical rehabilitation for older adults, as it improves memory by performing mental activities and physical rehabilitation at the same time.
The current increase in the ageing of our population and the lack of knowledge the elderly have of new technologies implies that they experience digital exclusion. Many new technologies that could improve their quality of life are not accessible to them, as is the case for smartphones, computers and video games. Games can benefit their quality of life, health and well-being, as they reinforce cognitive and physical exercise by means of accessible leisure. One of the latest tendencies in the field of video games is the use of devices that do not require remote controls, such as the kinect sensor. This sensor recognises the movements of the user, who controls the game with his or her body. There are currently several products made with kinect aimed at older people. However, these games do not work with wheelchairs users. There are also older people with physical disability, such as those with muscular dystrophy, where in most cases low mobility in either of the upper extremities is present. These people are also unable to access this type of serious game, since it is not adapted to their specific needs. Therefore, there is a lack of technological resources adapted to the specific needs of each user, leaving a great part of the ageing population without access to products that can improve their health, quality of life, and the enjoyment of their leisure time.
- Physical rehabilitation for individuals who suffer an injury or illness which causes a physical impairment.
- Improvement in cognitive performance and reduction of cognitive decline.
- Improvement of memory.
- Reduction of the digital divide.
"Friendly Cities for All" is a citizen science project in which secondary school students are activated to become involved in the reporting of urban accessibility of their environment. To this end, a space for collaboration between secondary school students, professional users and functional diversity associations, teachers, researchers and representatives of the municipal administration will be generated.
The foundation of the project stems from the perspective of functional diversity. This allows a broader conception of disability and/or ageing; not only in terms of age groups and barriers, but in terms of rights, opportunities/discrimination. This goes beyond the model that highlights the difficulties faced by older people.
Interdisciplinary and co-operative learning are essential to this proposal. The relationship is therefore on the linkages between the scientific process, technological development and civic engagement of students in dialogue with society.
The ultimate goal is that secondary school students become familiar with the concept of urban accessibility by completing all phases of the scientific project. This will involve the formulation of hypotheses, data collection, interpretation, analysis and presentation of findings to stakeholders. For this it is indispensable to train students "technologically" (e.g. open-data sources, tools for visualisation and analysis of geospatial data, etc.) and "socially" (e.g. concepts of accessibility, rights, disadvantages and disabilities). Thus, from different areas, knowledge and community experts, they learn 'how to do science' while making a real contribution to their environment ("service-learning methodology") with specific products (such as making accessibility reports or friendly routing).
objective is to research and develop in the Ambient Intelligence and Ambient (Active) Assisted Living context of technology and services to prevent, care and promote the health and welfare of people, support social inclusion and independent living of fragile and dependent groups, in all stages of the value chain: training, experimental research, technological development and technology transfer. The Smart House Living Lab is the main infrastructure for ICT R&D&I experiments and demonstrations. Since 2008 (3rd wave) SHLL is part of the European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL). Since 2014 SHLL is also part of the Laboratories and Infrastructures network of Madrid Region that aims at improving and facilitating the services provision offered by the research infrastructure and laboratories of the Madrid region.
The Smart House Living Lab is a real intelligent house, fully equipped with the usual services of a conventional house where different ICT technologies (sensors and actuators) are distributed extensively in the living lab technical areas such as ceilings and walls, remaining invisible to users. These sensors monitor different context changes, such as temperature, lighting conditions, energy consumption, etc. This Smart House Living Lab has a control and observation area, which allows monitoring the use of services and applications in a non-intrusive way. There is also a specific room with a virtual reality infrastructure that allows virtual training and rapid prototyping of new services, and simulation of different scenarios. The Smart House Living Lab is both to develop new applications, services and applications based on the massive use of technology distributed under the ambient intelligence paradigm, and to test and evaluate the quality in use of third-party applications and services that require an user friendly environment with high connectivity and interoperability, and experience in design methodologies and user-centered evaluation. The Smart House Living Lab is an accessible environment for any user regardles of his disability or age.
The main services that the Smart House Living Lab provides are the following:
- Intensive evaluations of Ambient Intelligence applications and services. Definition of indicators for assessment of both technological and user experience to obtain pre-prototype industrials completely validated by users, and thus close to being exploited and installed in real environments.
- Systematic study of the needs of target users of applications and services: governments, healthy citizen, the elderly, people with disabilities and people with cognitive dependence and people who suffer chronic diseases.
- Development of technological solutions available to specific needs at home for citizens (security, entertainment, social interaction, communications, information, energy saving). Generation and analysis of new paradigms of human-machine interaction.
This project aims to provide a framework for the participatory involvement in municipal decision making in the Spanish city of Durango. The aim is to improve the environment and facilitate active and healthy ageing.
This objective will be achieved by following the age-friendly "checklist" approach taken by the World Health Organization. The checklist is evaluated through eight sections, fulfilling a city with friendly city features.
There are four phases to the project:
- Creating mechanisms for the participation of older people in the cycle of the network. Initial evaluation of the adaptation of the city to the elderly. Formulation of a three-year action plan for the entire city, based on the results of that evaluation. Identification of indicators for monitoring progress.
- Presentation of an action plan to the WHO. Agreement of the plan. A deadline of three years to implement the plan.
- Evaluation of progress. Progress reports.
- Continuous Improvement if there is convincing evidence that progress on the initial action plan has been made.
Greater participation in municipal decision making by older people, and a more age-friendly environment.