6-month multimodal training intervention, coupled with nutrition and health counselling
Multimodal training interventions (6-MTI) are of special interest for older individuals, because of their high rate of disability, functional dependence and use of healthcare resources.
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 6-month multimodal training intervention (6-MTI), and nutrition and health counselling on different variables, such as on functional fitness (FF), body composition (BC) and cardio metabolic risk factors (CMRF). The aim was also to evaluate at 6- and 12-month follow-ups the effects and sustainability of a 6-MTI. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate the effects on the different sexes and to see whether there were differences between older males and females. Another goal was to examine the 6-MTI effect and long-term effects on participants, who were divided into three different age groups. Finally, the aim was to evaluate whether the applied 6-MTI design and methodology could form a sustainable strategy for developing and maintaining the health of older age groups with regard to international recommendations.
The intervention consisted of a 6-MTI with an emphasis on daily endurance training (ET) and twice-a-week resistance training (RT). This was supported by three lectures on nutrition and four on health-related topics.
The intervention aims to increase the physical activity and improve the lifestyle of elderly people in a sustainable way.